Monthly Archives: April 2016

In his great work The Cost of Discipleship Dietrich Bonhoeffer begins by writing about the problem of cheap grace.  Cheap grace, he writes, “means grace sold on the market like cheapjacks’ wares. The sacraments, the forgiveness of sin, and the consolations of religion are thrown away at cut prices.” Throughout the years I’ve heard some people claim that the notion that there is a thing as cheap grace is wrongheaded because grace is free on account of Jesus’ death on the Cross.  While I understand the concern of turning God’s grace into something that is to be earned I think Bonhoeffer’s words are particularly poignant for us today.  I say this because of the things I’ve read from people associated with the now defunct pastor Tullian Tchividjian who pushed a message of “inexhaustible grace for an exhausted world”.  To be sure, the emphasis on God’s grace is utterly important, but it is not simply about comfort, it is not simply about getting off scot-free.  God’s grace leads us somewhere, to uncomfortable places, that is, places we’d rather not go.  Jesus calls us to destroy our lives for his name’s sake which is rather unnerving.  The call to follow Jesus goes beyond our inner existentialist crisis, it goes beyond our feelings of guilt. Hidden behind such things may lie a benign narcissism.

We all can recognize that Lutheranism has wonderful things to offer the law saturated evangelical world of American Christianity but reducing everything to the simple “comfort”of Jesus can also prove to be problematic.  As Bonhoeffer sarcastically writes, “Let him be comforted and rest assured in his possession of this grace-for grace alone does everything.  Instead of following Christ, let the Christian enjoy the consolations of grace!”  What happens is there ends up being a huge gap between believing and doing when in all actuality they are deeply intertwined.  Thus, Jesus’ words, “Blessed are those who hear the word of God and do it” or the words of his brother James, “faith without works is dead”.  It’s in this line of thinking that one can begin to understand celebrity pastors being able to justify their sins while serving as pastors.  Inexhaustible grace for everyone, including myself.  One wonders, though, if this just becomes an easy way out for the narcissistic personality and/or abusive personality.  Comfort becomes the goal, the god. Jesus died for me, I’m good, now let’s sin boldly in the name of the Gospel.

This brings me to something that I read from former NYU professor of Religious Education Gabriel Moran this past week for class.  In his book Showing How: The Act of Teaching he writes: “A culture intent on making people feel good is a comfortable place for the rich but a hopeless place for the poor and the dispossessed…There is nothing bad about feeling good.  It becomes bad only when individuals become obsessed with feeling good to the undoing of their own best selves and to the obscuring of severe injustices that support a feel-good culture.”

If comfort is the goal, even for Christians, then the very texts that we hold to will be read improperly and wrongly.  Such words are important for American Christians to absorb given our first world biases.  In such a context,  Jesus is turned into a Docetic Jesus who, while being acknowledged as a human being, is mostly understood in very divine ways and images.  Therefore, the gospels are read in an incredibly one-dimensional fashion without any sense for the historical, cultural and socio-political realities of the time.  Healings are simply seen as that; healings.  Jesus heals on the Sabbath because he’s God and he can do that rather than for the purposes of making a deeper point about the Law through an act of civil disobedience.  Jesus feeds the five thousand to signify a Eucharistic event not to reveal the economy of the Kingdom where all have their fill and what they need.  Jesus forgives the “sins” of the paralytic because he was so burdened by his “sins” not because the debt system was an unjust system that took advantage of such persons.  Do you see the contrast?  This fails to understand the deepness of sin, of evil and its causes.  A great caricature of this is captured in the overly simplistic characteristic of the Pharisees as the self-righteous boogie men who hate Jesus because he freely loves people.  The gospels are all about Jesus’ justification of the sinner. That’s somewhat true but not the whole picture.

When Jesus casts out the unclean spirit from the man in the synagogue it’s about much more than exorcism as we understand it today.  The location, what is said, how things play out, all reveal that Jesus is embarking on a ministry that will free people from the powers that be and call them to a new way of life.  These powers manifest themselves in traditions, teachings, social systems that resist God’s ways, that hurt people and keep them in bondage.  Jesus calls us to leave these things behind, to change our minds, to begin with new wineskins.  Grace is free yet costly, and not only for Jesus, but for us as well.  It’s one thing to follow Jesus around Galilee with a sword on one’s side, it’s another thing to be restored by Jesus like Peter and to refuse to bear the sword ever again, to refuse to fight with friends and relatives for the honor and sake of the Temple.  It’s one thing to be healed of one’s blindness, it’s another thing to lose one’s source of income and begin anew with the gift of sight trusting in Jesus for all.  It’s one thing to have salvation brought to one’s house, it’s another thing to make restitution for all the wrong committed through monetary means. Do you see the deeper dimensions at play here?  With healing, with forgiveness, with restoration comes the call to follow Jesus which results in concrete action.  Of course, Jesus calls the unlikely and the scandalous but they leave those behaviors behind, albeit with great struggle and continual struggle.  The call of Jesus, while comforting, creates an incredibly unsettling world that moves beyond the needed comfort of assurance. The Gospel calls for new wine in new wineskins not new wine in old wineskins.

My point is that the gospels ought to make us uncomfortable, continually  (I know, you probably think I’m a glutton for punishment).  If they are not then we may not be reading them correctly.  Not everything can be boiled down to the simplistic understanding of the rich man seeking to justify himself before Jesus.  Such a story is about way more than law and gospel or self-righteousness and God’s righteousness. The rich man is confident because he’s rich which according to the traditions of the day meant that he had God’s favor.  Jesus throws that out the window understanding that he probably attained his wealth through unjust means (‘do not defraud’ insertion earlier).  This is why the disciples are astonished.  Jesus is throwing their cultural understandings upside down by telling the man to redistribute his wealth which is what we see Zaccheaus do. How does this not make us first world Christians uncomfortable? And that’s probably a good thing. (I’m probably scaring some of my faithful Lutherans out there with such a take on this story but bear with me as I have a source.  It’s right here, check it out, amazing stuff.)

As Paul Tillich once wrote, “Doubt isn’t the opposite of faith; it is an element of faith.”


Author’s note: I edited some of this post due to the unneeded offense my wording caused.

I am at a point in life and ministry in which I’ve become quite jaded by all of the God talk that comes from church leaders.  It’s getting hard for me to stomach lines like “God is at work here” or “total God moment” or “Come see what God is doing”.  I’ll admit that I used to use this language but it’s been making me increasingly uncomfortable as the years go by due to various personal experiences in pastoral ministry.  I have found that more often than not what we consider to be God’s blessing or God at work are often situations that are successful because of extenuating circumstances and factors.

In the LC-MS we hear of successful church plants in states that are in the Bible Belt like Arkansas or Texas.  The culture there is still very much “Christian”.  Also, if one digs a little deeper one will discover that in some of these cases the said plants are accorded lots of money to begin and maintain the plant, money that goes towards musicians, staffing, production.  The same can be said of the large churches in the LCMS most of which reside in the suburbs of Midwestern cities.  Better still I think of my father-in-law’s church in Southern California which grew tremendously in the 90s.  In part that was due to his preaching ability, but also due to the fact that Southern California was one of the fastest growing parts of the country at that time.  Often churches have grown because they were the next big thing and people are attracted to that in a place like Texas. Often churches have become mega-churches because of white flight.  Often churches grow because they have the resources to.  Then, it seems, we stamp God’s name onto it.

Now please bear in mind that there are definitely good things that go on in these churches as God’s Word is proclaimed and the Sacraments given.  But I write about this because recently I came across a video from celebrity pastor Mark Driscoll about his new church plant in Scottsdale, Arizona. You may remember that Driscoll was formerly the pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle only to be removed from that position for scandalous behavior such as bullying, plagiarism and the misuse of church funds.  Instead of bowing out from ministry or waiting a good long while Driscoll has now popped up again in Arizona to start a new church.  Of course, Driscoll is invoking God’s name claiming that God provided them with the perfect location for the plant.  In other words, Driscoll has God’s stamp of approval for his new ministry.  But that’s hard for me to swallow considering what he’s recently done, but I suppose claiming God helps to silence critics like me.  But, then again, maybe it is God.   After all, we liberal and conservative Christians tend to throw his name around a lot claiming he’s on our side or somehow implying that he supports and approves what we are doing.  Maybe this is because we don’t really spend time on the second commandment – you shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God in vain. Or maybe it’s because we’ve bought into the pragmatism and materialism of the American Dream that says more is better, that numbers are a sign of success and then project that onto God.  Whatever it may be, I’m becoming more uncomfortable with the invoking of God’s name for all of our causes.  Maybe I’m just a faithless curmudgeon.  But it seems to me that we so often invoke the name of God to legitimate the things that we do.  Claim God’s stamp of approval and you’re good to go, right?



Last year I got to see an incarnation of the legendary band the Bad Brains known as the Regulators.  It wasn’t the original lineup, instead it was half of the original line-up with Dr. Know on guitar and Daryl Jennifer on the bass.  John Joseph of Cro-Mags fame filled in on vocals singing the songs that the legendary H.R. used to sing and do back flips to.  Despite it only being half of the original line-up many, including myself, ventured to Webster Hall to see the Regulators.  I think most of us were happy with what we saw and got to sing along to. John Joseph is no H.R. but he’s the best one around to make the attempt and he did a good job.  It was a cool sight and a goose bump eliciting experience to hear an entire room sing along to their classics such as “Banned in DC” “Regulator” “Right Brigade” “Attitude” along with many more.

Now before you decide to close this page bear with me. This is not simply a blog about a band I like playing live, rather it’s a window into something much deeper that relates to how we order our lives in this so-called post-modern era.

Here was an entire room of people singing lyrics to songs that invoke biblical stories, Rastafarian spiritualism, the positive thinking of Napoleon Hill and Marxist politics (I’m sure I’m leaving some other characteristics out).  I think it’s fair to say that many not familiar with hardcore punk would be surprised to learn of such lyrics coming from a so-called punk band.  What I think may be even more startling is that such a band has had a lasting affect on not only hardcore punk but also scores of musicians and bands across the musical aisle.  The Foo Fighters, the Red Hot Chili Peppers, rapper Lil Jon and the Beastie Boys all claim the Bad Brains as hugely inspirational and influential.  Often, when I wear my Bad Brains t-shirt I have people on the street start conversations with me about the band.  This past summer as my family and I walked the streets of NOLA we had a homeless man start talking with me about the Bad Brains.  The conversations, however brief, are always positive, friendly, and cordial.  The legend and the influence of the Bad Brains doesn’t seem to be waning either.  And that’s what I find thought-provoking.

Many on the church side of the aisle are convinced that the church’s biggest enemy is radical secularism.  I suppose this is compounded by the likes of pop culture atheists like Richard Dawkins and the late Christopher Hitchens.  Yet according to Charles Taylor, the author of A Secular Age this is simply not the case, or at the least, it’s only a small piece of a larger puzzle.  Taylor argues that because modernity has “disenchanted” the world in which we live many are now yearning for enchantment or enchantedness. So, for example, in the West a Christian worldview was the predominant one but the Enlightenment and modernity brought that into question and disproved certain pieces of that view (think the earth being the center of universe).  Taylor-COVER-A-Secular-AgeModernity brought with it technological advances that vastly improved the lives of many Americans.  It also made the world a seemingly smaller place which has only gotten smaller through the process of globalization.  Of course, within such a milieu, a culture of consumerism has developed that has made the individual supreme.  Because of these various factors Christianity is no longer the given religion. Rather there is a plurality of options from which we can pick and choose correlating with our consumerist tendencies.  It’s not that people are less religious it’s that they are now able to choose what they like and don’t like in their spiritual quest.  Because modernity has disenchanted and delegitimated the very structures and givens of something like the institutional Church people feel free to pick and choose as they please.  In a globalized time as this it’s a lot harder to claim that we as Christians have a market on the truth when ancient religions such as Buddhism, Taoism, Judaism have some very brilliant insights.  Thus, it’s not that people are rejecting religion per se, it’s that they can make it up as they go along.  And since the world has been disenchanted this makes spiritualism or spirituality very attractive, people yearn for imagination and mystery.  Hence, the “I’m spiritual, not religious” line.

In light of this, it’s really no wonder that a band such as the Bad Brians would have such a lasting appeal given their message and amazing musicality.  They are speaking to the need of us moderns for enchantment, for something deeper in a world of boring humanism. Who would think that a room full of tough, disenfranchised, outcasted, tattooed knuckleheads would be yelling out lyrics such as these:

“We can’t lose with Jah on our side. Oh bring down the walls, Bring the Walls down.”

 “Organize, centralize. It’s time for us to fight for our lives. Destroy Babylon. Oh there is a way.”

“The meek shall inherit the earth. Why must the Rasta live this way. The creator has shown us a better way. So why must I n’I fight each other. With unity and love for your brother, there’s always a better day. In due season each will pay according to works that they have done on earth today. So I n’I. We shall live in truth. His majesty. His majesty has shown us a better way.”

“I’ve got that supertouch, Chances are I’ve got too much, I’ve come to let you see, That you also can be free.”

But they are.  The desire for enchantment that Taylor speaks of is strong.  What’s interesting is that this desire has been fed time and time again in the hardcore scene that the Bad Brains helped create.  In a fascinating way, the Bad Brains began and inspired a movement towards enchantment.  It’s no coincidence that the first line of the first song off of the Cro-Mags seminal album Age of Quarrel is:

“Struggling in the streets just trying to survive, Searching for the truth is just keeping us alive”

And then from another song:

“Searching and searching for something real, You gotta know how I feel, ‘Cause we been looking after the truth, Rejected those lies of our youth”

What’s more, the very title the Age of Quarrel or Kali Yuga comes from the Hindu Scriptures and refers to the last of four stages that is characterized by great strife and contention.  A simple knowledge of the Cro-Mags reveals that in many ways they were the representation of what went wrong with modernity, revealing that such an adventure could not solve the world’s problems and lead to a utopia.  John Joseph was an orphan and runaway who lived on the streets in order to survive.  Bassist and songwriter Harley Flanagan fought his way through school and on the streets whilst crafting what would become one of the greatest albums of all time.  Cromag_aoqTheir formative years were spent living in the most crime and drug-ridden neighborhood New York City has ever witnessed: the Lower East Side of the 1970s and 1980s.  Oddly though, these young men were drawn to spirituality in order to make sense of the world around them. As one of the lines from their song Survival of Streets states, “Wake up with gun on my head, but that’s life, the life I’ve led…life’s hard so I gotta be hard too.”  It was a rough world they came up in and lived in and yet they were attracted to spiritualism and later Hare Krishna.  Joseph went so far as to become a devotee. Though, today, he is quick to state that we should all find our own spiritual path.  Thus, spirituality reigns supreme not religion or dogma as its characteristically understood in this age.  In his books and performances Joseph continually encourages the spiritualism that Taylor speaks of, the spiritualism of this “Secular Age”.

Such a spiritualism continues on in the lyrics of bands who come from various socioeconomic backgrounds throughout the New York City area such as Youth of Today, Sick of It All, Shelter, 108, Burn and so many others.  These are a wonderful blueprint of Taylor’s point that we are not less religious per se.  Rather, the religious uncertainty of this modern age has prompted us to seek out some sense of the other worldly.  Thus, the desire for enchantedness, for mystery, for something more.

As a pastor I’ve heard the line “I’m spiritual, but not religious” numerous times throughout the years.  This may simply reveal a deep desire on the part of many for God, for transcendence, for something more than what modern life has to offer.  There are plenty of shallow searchers out there and I often cringe inwardly when I hear that line, but I’ve also been taken in by the spirituality of the Bad Brains, the Cro-Mags and others.  I’ve been one of those people and in large part still am.  I am no more a product of this age than the guy or girl sitting next to me on the subway is.  Through this I’ve come to learn that there are also some very conscientious people seriously searching and digging.  This requires us to be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us but in such a way that seeks not to control in ways that might benefit our own ministries or egos.  In a number’s obsessed culture and church this may actually require that we rely on the Spirit to do its work and let the cards fall where they may.  Looking out on a pluralistic culture the task of convincing people that Jesus is Lord seems arduous, if not impossible.  But maybe that’s the point, how modernistic and Western to think that we can find a system of ideas to convince people that Jesus is the Way, the Truth and the Life.  How modernistic and consumeristic to think that if we have the right image, the right music, the right lighting it will work.  Is that not but the result of our hyper-individualism and consumerism and why there are so many “nones”?  Instead, it involves more than the head but our whole being, instead it requires discipleship which bespeaks enchantment and mystery.  Hence, “See how they love one another.”